martes, 22 de septiembre de 2009

simple past

This verb form of English is a bit more complicated, because it requires assimilate other aspects that are more abstract, like the irregular verbs.

examples of irregular verbs:

1) be/ was, were/ been: ser o estar
2) beat/ beat/ beaten: golpear
3) become/ became/ become: llegar a ser
4) begin/ began/ begun: empezar
5) break/ broke/ broken: romper, quebrar
6) buy/ bought/ bought: comprar
7) cost/ cost/ cost: costar
8) cut/ cut/ cut: cortar
9) do/ did7 done: hacer
10) draw/ drew/ drawn: dibujar
11) drink/ drank/ drunk: beber
12) drive/ drove/ driven: conducir


Regular verbs, to pass to the past, have to end in-ed. This as a rule, because there are eception we´ll see soon.

to listen (escuchar) -> listened

We just have to add the d if the verb already ends in e.

to change (cambiar) -> changed

If the last vowel of the verb is formed by consonant-vowel-consonant and consonant is the latter where the emphasis lies, we have to double that consonant. Also if the verb ends in l have to bend it.

to stop (parar) -> stopped
to travel (viajar) -> travelled


To form the past simple questions we have to enforce the auxiliary to do in his past form, it did for all people of conjugation. The auxiliary verbs that do not need, like to have, be used nen past (irregular).

Did you go to the party? -> ¿Fuistes a la fiesta?

As shown in the example, the verb is present. This is because the auxiliary is the one indicated by the past, so the main verb is put into this. This must be borne in mind.

To deny we use the auxiliary to do in his past form., Accompanied with the main verb in the present. The auxiliary verb with the particle shrinks not.

I didn´t go to the party -> No fui a la fiesta.

then fed'll see a table using the three methods that exist in the simple past.

1 comentario:

  1. do you understand this tense?
    it is clear for you?
    When do we use the simple past tense?